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ISSN: 1420-2018
 
 

N° 3/september 1996

Of God and Caesar... The Relation between Christian Churches and the State in post-colonial Mozambique, 1974-81

By Eric Morier-Genoud

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  Table of contents
   
 

1. INTRODUCTION

2. CHRISTIAN CHURCHES, COLONIALISM AND FRELIMO'S LIBERATION WAR

2.1. Early Christianity and the Concordat
2.2. Religious change in the sixties and early seventies

2.2.1. State and church relations
2.2.2. Protestant churches
2.2.3. The Catholic church
2.3. Frelimo's early relation with churches
2.3.1. The nationalists' experience and attitude with churches
2.3.2 The guerrilla's attitude towards religion

3. INDEPENDENT STATE AND CHURCHES, 1974-77

3.1. The state's policy towards religious institutions

3.1.1. The Government of transition
3.1.2. Frelimo, churches and hegemony
3.1.3. The legal and administrative framework for churches
3.1.4. The State's religious policy

3.2. The Catholic church and Independence

3.2.1. The Vatican, the Concordat and Independence
3.2.2. The church's socio-political transformations
3.2.3. The church in the face of Frelimo

3.3. Protestant churches after 1975

3.3.1. Protestant churches, independence and C.C.M.
3.3.2. C.C.M. in the face of the new regime

3.4. Frelimo's reaction to the churches' changes and policies

4. THEOLOGIAN STATE AND PEOPLE'S CHURCH, 1977-1981

4.1. Building a crisis

4.1.1. Frelimo's III Congress
4.1.2. The Catholic National Pastoral Assembly
4.1.3. The Department of Ideological Works' Conference

4.2. Frelimo's attack against churches

4.2.1. The Party-State norms for religious activity
4.2.2. The "arm wrestle" between church and state

4.3. The end of Frelimo's theologian ambitions

4.3.1. The failures of the Party-state anti-religious offensive
4.3.2. Frelimo's change of religious policy and hegemonic quest

5. CONCLUSION

ANNEXES
BIBLIOGRAPHY