Murielle Bochud is assistant professor of epidemiology at the University Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine in Lausanne. She has a Swiss federal diploma of Medicine from Geneva University (1994), an MD from Lausanne University (2002) and a PhD in genetic epidemiology from Case Western Reserve University (2007). Her research focuses on the epidemiology of blood pressure and related cardiovascular traits, including their genetic determinants.
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Epidemiology of alcohol consumption
For a general review see 1.
When moderate, alcohol consumption is associated with beneficial health outcomes, such as decreased all-cause and cardiovascular mortality 1,2. By contrast, excess alcohol consumption is associated with increased all-cause mortality 2. There is a j-shape relationship between alcohol consumption and mortality2. Among the negative health outcomes associated with elevated alcohol consumption are type 2 diabetes, neuropsychiatric conditions, cardiovascular diseases, digestive diseases as well as intentional and unintential injuries.
Fewer women than men consume alcohol and women who drink alcohol consume less than men 3.
The principal sources of dietary ethanol are beer, distilled spirits, and wine 3. Ethanol (C2H5OH) is a physiologically nonessential molecule that is metabolized mainly in the liver.
References and selected course readings
- 1 pmid=18727003
- 2 pmid=17159008
- 3 pmid=18926132